1 of 50 In the early nineteenth century, the emergence of the new staple crop of _______ reinvigorated the economy of the Southern United States.

1 of 50In the early nineteenth century, the emergence of the new staple crop of _______ reinvigorated the economy of the Southern United States.corncottontobaccowheatQuestion2 of 50Which of the following was not a characteristic of American cities in the early nineteenth century?Populations in urban places of more than 2,500 residents grew much more slowly than the national average population growth.The gap between richer and poorer inhabitants in Northeastern cities widened.Urban growth brought increasing congestion together with serious problems of public health and safety.Cities remained small enough that residents could stroll from one side of town to the other.Question3 of 50Which of the following was not a part of the United States’ policy toward Native Americans from 1790-1830?treaties in which Native Americans ceded land in return for trade goods, yearly annuity payments, and assurances that there would be no further demandsregulation of the fur tradeattempts to Christianize Native Americans and assimilate them into white societyviolent takeover of Native American landsQuestion4 of 50Which of the following was not a characteristic of free black communities in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries?By 1820, most black men and women in northern cities lived in autonomous households.Schools educated black children who were excluded from white academies.Black churches became less important to black community life.Mutual aid societies offered help to the poor.Question5 of 50Which of the following was a consequence of the War of 1812?Andrew Jackson fell from national prominence.The war increased the threat of other nations interfering in the affairs of the United States.Europe entered what would prove to be nearly a century free of general war.The war resolved issues involving neutral rights and American access to Canadian fisheries.Question6 of 50_______ was the United States’ pronouncement that the Americas were closed to European colonization and that the United States would consider as dangerous to its peace and safety any attempts to extend Europe’s political influence into the Western Hemisphere.The Emancipation ProclamationThe Jeffersonian AccordThe Manifest DestinyThe Monroe DoctrineQuestion7 of 50Which of the following was not a factor in the economic growth that developed in the North in the mid-nineteenth century?abundant natural resourcessubstantial population declineimproved transportationcapital investmentQuestion8 of 50Which of the following was not a consequence of industrialization in the mid-nineteenth century?more efficient production of goodsa decrease in literacygreater ability for individuals to form their own views on issuesmore successful operation of railroad and steamboatsQuestion9 of 50Unmarried women constituted a large part of the labor force of the early New England textile factories.truefalseQuestion10 of 50Which of the following was not a characteristic of the class structure of cities in the United States in the middle decades of the nineteenth century?A new working and middle class took shape.Urban slums developed.Wealth became less concentrated.New expectations of male and female roles emerged within the middle class.Question11 of 50Which of the following was not an effect that Northeastern agricultural patterns had on the environment in the mid-nineteenth century?increase in forestationdisappearance of wildlifesoil depletionAll of the above were effects of Northeastern agricultural patterns on the environment in the mid-nineteenth century.Question12 of 50_______ was the system of slavery utilized by wealthy white Southerners in which they claimed a privileged status as social “betters,” insisted on being treated with deference by those below them, and provided for the necessities of slaves as if caring for those who were “inferior.”AbolitionismPaternalismRepublicanismTranscendentalismQuestion13 of 50Which of the following statements about poor white southerners in the mid-nineteenth century is not correct?Many eked out an existence in isolated, inhospitable areas.Despite bad living conditions, they generally maintained good health.They gained a reputation as lazy, shiftless, and illiterate.They stayed poor partly because the slave system allowed the planter class to accumulate a disproportionate amount of land and political power.Question14 of 50Which of the following was not a characteristic of the significance of songs to Southern slaves?Music was a crucial form of expression in slave quarters on both secular and religious occasions.Spirituals reiterated the Judeo-Christian theme of a chosen people who were held in bondage but would be delivered.Slave songs always contained only one meaning.Fiddles and drums were among the instruments that were prominent in the music of Southern slaves.Question15 of 50The _______ was a wave of religious revivals that swept through the United States from the late 1790s to the late 1830s.Emancipation ProclamationRevolution of 1800Second Great AwakeningTrail of TearsQuestion16 of 50Led by the likes of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau, the _______ movement urged Americans to look inward and to nature for self-knowledge and self-reliance.AbolitionismKnow-NothingMormonismTranscendentalismQuestion17 of 50The _______ was the removal of the Cherokee people from eastern lands to Oklahoma.Emancipation ProclamationManifest DestinyMonroe DoctrineTrail of TearsQuestion18 of 50Which of the following was not one of the distinctions between the Democrats and the Whigs in the Second American Party System?Democrats focused on state and local autonomy, while Whigs focused on national power.Immigrants tended to support the Whigs.Democrats supported low tariffs, while Whigs supported high tariffs.Democrats tended to be from the South and West, while Whigs tended to be from New England, the Middle Atlantic, and the Upper Midwest.Question19 of 50Which of the following was not one of the motivations and causes of reform in America in the mid-nineteenth century?changes in relationships between masters and workers as a result of the market economy, growth of cities, and increasing immigrationpsychological anxieties caused by shifting class and ethnic relationshipsEnlightenment emphasis on putting individual interests before citizenshipPuritan and Revolutionary traditions of the American mission to remake the worldQuestion20 of 50The movement to eradicate slavery was known as _______.AbolitionismRepublicanismSocialismTranscendentalismQuestion21 of 50Which of the following statements about the reasons why Americans went to the West in the mid-nineteenth century is not correct?Many emigrants believed that the West would offer rich opportunities.Some emigrants went west for health.Though government policies made it more difficult to get land, land owners were allowing people to rent cheaply.Some went west to establish a society built around their religious beliefs.Question22 of 50In 1851, the _______ brought together as many as 10,000 Native Americans who were hopeful of ending the destruction of their way of life. It ultimately produced the first treaty agreement between the Plains Native Americans and the United States Government.Cherokee National CouncilFort Laramie CouncilGrand ConventionKansas CommitteeQuestion23 of 50Which of the following was not one of the four main groups that combined in the 1850s to form the Republican Party?a group led by moral fervor who demanded the prohibition of slaverya group that opposed slavery in the western territories, but would not interfere with it where it already existeda Catholic group that wanted to cleanse America of intemperance and immorality and that considered Protestantism part of that immoralitya group that wanted the federal government to promote economic development and the dignity of laborQuestion24 of 50In 1855, _______ became a significant battleground as Northerners and Southerners sought to populate the state and control its legislature.ColoradoKansasOklahomaTexasQuestion25 of 50In his inaugural address in 1861, Abraham Lincoln stated that he would work to force all states in the United States to abolish slavery.truefalseQuestion26 of 50In the _______ Case, the Supreme Court ruled that black men were inferior, were not citizens and had no right to sue in court and that Congress had no power to ban slavery in a territory.John BrownFrederick DouglassDred ScottNat TurnerQuestion27 of 50_______ was a tactic based in the South’s belief that the need for cotton would eventually force the English and French to recognize the Confederacy.Cotton CollusionCotton DiplomacyCotton GinCotton WarfareQuestion28 of 50By 1862, the length of the Civil War was contributing to significant political dissension both in the North and in the South.truefalseQuestion29 of 50Which of the following was not a crisis that the United States faced after the Civil War?The status of the former Confederate states was unclear.The South had been devastated by the war.While the Democratic Party dominated Congress, a former Republican slaveholder named Jefferson Davis occupied the Presidency.Resentment, bitterness, anger, and despair ran throughout both the North and the South.Question30 of 50_______ is the name for the era following the Civil War in which the states that had formed the Confederacy were reintegrated into the Union.ReconstructionRedeterminationReparationReunionizationQuestion31 of 50Which of the following statements about life in the Trans-Appalachian region during the early republic is CORRECT?The region developed a reputation for its pious and disciplined ways.The population was predominantly female.The entire region was dominated by the spread of slavery-based cotton.The area constituted a zone of cultural, economic, and military interaction between Native and European Americans.Question32 of 50The period of American history after the War for American Independence in which the United States was formally independent from England, but was still vulnerable to the actions of England and other European powers, is known as the period of ________.anti-aggressioncivil administrationneo-colonialismpostmodernismQuestion33 of 50The _______ of 1820 drew a line at latitude 36°309 dividing lands that would be open to slavery from those that would not.Kansas-Nebraska ActMissouri CompromiseMonroe DoctrineNorthwest OrdinanceQuestion34 of 50The town of _______ became known in the mid-1800s as the “model” Massachusetts textile town.AmherstLowellNorthamptonSpringfieldQuestion35 of 50Which of the following was NOT one of the three distinct types of cities that emerged during the years of rapid economic growth in the mid-1800s?commercial centersmill townsreligious communitiestransportation hubsQuestion36 of 50Most southern whites in the early nineteenth century were slaveholders.truefalseQuestion37 of 50Which of the following was NOT a role of the plantation mistress in Southern slavery?to develop her own educational facultiesto improve her husband’s moralsto act as a chaste lady, though her husband had nearly unrestricted sexual access to slave womento serve as a resourceful, responsible manager of numerous plantation affairsQuestion38 of 50_______ was an ex-slave who forged a free black man’s papers to gain his freedom, then went on to work toward the antislavery cause, particularly by writing a narrative of his life that exposed the many evils of slavery.John BrownFrederick DouglassJames GadsdenEli WhitneyQuestion39 of 50Which of the following was an issue that reformers between the 1830s and 1850s prominently addressed?alcoholhealthsexualityAll of the above were issues that reformers between the 1830s and 1850s prominently addressed.Question40 of 50The Treaty of _______ set the Rio Grande River as the boundary between Mexico and the United States.Guadalupe HidalgoHoustonMexico CityParisQuestion41 of 50The _______ Act offered 160 acres of government land free to citizens or future citizens over 21 who lived on the property, improved it, and paid a small registration fee.Fugitive LandGwin Land LawHomesteadTerritorialQuestion42 of 50Which of the following statements about the development of western cities in the mid-1800s is CORRECT?Cities were not integral to frontier life.Western cities always maintained their distinctiveness in terms of patterns of development.Young families looking to settle down made up a disproportionate share of their populations.Bustling commercial life offered residents a wide range of occupations and services.Question43 of 50Which of the following was NOT one of the four main issues that Zachary Taylor faced upon becoming president?California qualified for statehood, but would enter as a slave state and, thus, upset the slave-free state balance in the Senate.The status of Mexican cessation in the Southwest was unresolved.Slavery, including a huge slave market, existed within the nation’s capital.Southerners resented the lax federal enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.Question44 of 50The Gadsden Purchase consisted of _______.a strip of southwestern desert for a transcontinental railroad linking the Deep South with the Pacific Coasta tract of land in the Pacific Northwest that allowed for travel by foot around mountains within the United States bordera small area of land that ran between the Rio Grande and Mississippi Riversa line of coastal land that connected the Pacific Northwest coast of the United States to AlaskaQuestion45 of 50Occurring on October 16, 1859, _______ attacked a federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, and hoped to provoke a general uprising of slaves throughout the Upper South or at least provide arms for slaves to make their way to freedom.Bleeding Kansas Rebellionthe Free Soil PartyJohn Brown’s RaidPopé’s RevoltQuestion46 of 50The Ostend Manifesto from 1854 argued that what country “belongs naturally” to the United States?CubaHaitiMexicoPanamaQuestion47 of 50Which of the following statements about the effect of the Civil War on women is NOT correct?With many men in the armies, women had to find jobs and sustain farms.Many women became nurses who aided soldiers.Many women gained administrative experience in the United States Sanitary Commission.Changes that women experienced during the Civil War tended to remain in effect after the war ended.Question48 of 50In _______, individuals would receive seed, fertilizer, implements, food, and clothing in return for a landlord telling them what and how much to grow and taking a share of the harvest.multifarmingsharecroppingslaverytenant farmingQuestion49 of 50The _______ Amendment to the Constitution prohibited denial of vote because of race, color, or previous servitude.ThirteenthFifteenthNineteenthTwenty-firstQuestion50 of 50African American schools became community centers in the post-Civil War era by, among other things, publishing newspapers, providing training in trades and farming, and promoting political participation and land ownership.truefalse

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