Auditing (Confidentiality , Misrepresentation of Fact)
Jennifer Grace, First-year member of her CPA firm’s management
Tom Ward, CFO of Fantastic Developments, Inc., a client
While reviewing the current-year audit working papers of Coshocton National Bank (CNB),
the engagement manager, Jennifer Grace, noted something curious. In the working papers
related to loan valuation, Jennifer saw that the commercial loan of Fantastic Developments
had been randomly selected for confirmation but that Fantastic had not responded to either
the initial or second confirmation request. The audit staff disposed of this “loose end” by
alternate procedures: examining cash collections (which had become somewhat sporadic)
and vouching to underlying loan documentation, including a set of recent (unaudited)
financial statements that showed Fantastic’s solid financial position and operating
Jennifer noted this reference to Fantastic Developments because this private company was
also a client of her firm. In fact, Jennifer had served as the audit senior on the prior-year
audit of Fantastic. She knew that the company had been struggling for a couple of years and
had experienced recurring operating losses. Her knowledge of Fantastic did not reconcile
with the discussion in the audit working papers related to the financial statements furnished
to the bank.
When Jennifer contacted Fantastic’s CFO, Tom Ward, and inquired about the company’s
apparently miraculous turnaround, he was noncommittal and unhelpful. Tom replied that
business had picked up. He apologized for not calling Jennifer’s firm himself because he had
been so busy, and then he told her that Fantastic had decided to engage another CPA firm for
its accounting and auditing needs. Although confused, Jennifer obviously couldn’t reject the
possibility that this abrupt dismissal was a direct consequence of her inquiry.
As a result, Jennifer wonders whether the financial statements which Fantastic furnished to
the bank as a basis for a loan application are fraudulent. The bank apparently has no such
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